Analysis of a hydro-osmotic power plant using a simple mathematical model

  • Piotr Furmański Institute of Heat Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology
  • Sajjad Abdul-Adheem Saleh Institute of Heat Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology
  • Piotr Łapka Institute of Heat Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology

Abstract

Osmotic energy created by salinity gradient is a novel energy source. The chemical potential difference of two liquids with dissimilar salinities can be used to generate a flow of water across a semi-permeable membrane. The Pressure-Retarded Osmosis (PRO) concept controls the flow of the water across the membrane and contributes to the production of electrical energy with a hydraulic turbine. This study describes a simple mathematical model for evaluating the effectiveness of application of the PRO process in a hydro-osmotic power plant. The influences of pressures and salt concentrations of the inlet streams as well as the concentration polarization across the membrane on the membrane power density and plant efficiency were investigated. The effects of liquid temperature and membrane characteristics (water and salt permeability) on power plant performance were also studied.
Published
2018-02-27
How to Cite
FURMAŃSKI, Piotr; SALEH, Sajjad Abdul-Adheem; ŁAPKA, Piotr. Analysis of a hydro-osmotic power plant using a simple mathematical model. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 97, n. 5, p. 395--405, feb. 2018. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <https://papers.itc.pw.edu.pl/index.php/JPT/article/view/1268>. Date accessed: 03 aug. 2021.
Section
Research and Development in Power Engineering 2017

Keywords

Renewable energy; pressure retarded osmosis; osmotic power plant; mathematical modelling

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.