Identification of the characteristics of a carbon dioxide breathing rotary sliding–vane expander

  • Jaroslaw Milewski Warsaw University of Technology
  • Piotr Lis
  • Artur Olszewski
  • Arkadiusz Sienko
  • Tomasz Sek


This paper presents a study providing the experimental analyses on the rotary vane expander operating conditions with carbondioxide as working fluid in comparison against air (chosen as reference). Such working fluid is promising for application asenergy converters in a waste heat recovery for electric power. Experiments were performed on a prototype of rotary slidingvane expander.The experiment demonstrated that commercially available multi–vane pneumatic engines can be adopted to waste heatrecovery systems. During the experiments, the operation of the multi–vane expander was kept under observation for variousinlet temperature, various pressure ratios, and various rotational speeds. Adequate maps of performances for air and carbondioxide were created, compared against each other, and commented. In general, by using the same machine, power andefficiency can be raised by only change of working fluid.

Author Biography

Jaroslaw Milewski, Warsaw University of Technology


[1] Y. M. Kim, D. G. Shin, C. G. Kim, Optimization of design pressure
ratio of positive displacement expander for vehicle engine waste heat
recovery, Energies 7 (9) (2014) 6105–6117.
[2] J. Milewski, M. Wołowicz, Variant analysis of the structures and parameters
of the systems with supercritical co2, in: Hydrogen Power
Theoretical and Engineering Solutions International Symposium June
28-30, 2017 - Syracuse, Italy, 2017, p. 232.
[3] Z. Gnutek, E. Kalinowski, Application of rotary vane expanders in systems
utilizing the waste heat, in: International Compressor Engineering
Conference, 1994.
[4] M. B. M. Tahir, N. Yamada, T. Hoshino, Efficiency of compact organic
rankine cycle system with rotary-vane-type expander for lowtemperature
waste heat recovery, International Journal of Mechanical
and Mechatronics Engineering 4 (1) (2010) 105–110.
[5] C. Xia, W. Zhang, G. Bu, Z. Wang, P. Shu, Experimental study on a
sliding vane expander in the hfc410a refrigeration system for energy
recovery, Applied Thermal Engineering 59 (1) (2013) 559–567.
[6] G. Montenegro, A. Della Torre, M. Fiocco, A. Onorati, C. Benatzky,
G. Schlager, Evaluating the performance of a rotary vane expander for
small scale organic rankine cycles using cfd tools, Energy Procedia 45
(2014) 1136–1145.
[7] V. Vodicka, L. Guillaume, J. Mascuch, V. Lemort, Testing and modeling
a vane expander used in an orc working with hexamethyldisiloxane
(mm), ASME ORC 2015 (2015) 136.
[8] G. Bianchi, Exhaust waste heat recovery in internal combustion engines,
Ph.D. thesis, Ph. D. Thesis, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
[9] P. Kolasi ´ nski, P. Błasiak, J. Rak, Experimental and numerical analyses
on the rotary vane expander operating conditions in a micro organic
rankine cycle system, Energies 9 (8) (2016) 606.
[10] J. Mascuch, V. Novotny, V. Vodicka, Z. Zeleny, Towards development of
1-10 kw pilot orc units operating with hexamethyldisiloxane and using
rotary vane expander, Energy Procedia In Press.
How to Cite
MILEWSKI, Jaroslaw et al. Identification of the characteristics of a carbon dioxide breathing rotary sliding–vane expander. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 97, n. 3, p. 259--264, nov. 2017. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 14 july 2024.
Energy Conversion and Storage

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.