Technical – economic comparative analysis of the energy storage systems equipped with the hydrogen generation installation

  • Łukasz Bartela Silesian University of Technology
  • Janusz Kotowicz Silesian University of Technology
  • Klaudia Dubiel Silesian University of Technology


This paper presents the results of technical-economic comparative analysis of two energy storage systems integrated withwind farm: Power-to-Gas-to-Gas Grid (Case A) and Power-to-Gas-to-Power (Case B). The aim of the technical analysis wasto determine the power characteristics of particular installations forming the storage systems and the assessment impact ofnominal power of hydrogen generators on basic technical indicators, which can influence on the investment decision. As partof the economic analysis the impact of the grants level, the sale price of product and the purchase price of electricity on theNPVR (Net Present Value Ratio), depending on the nominal power of hydrogen generators, was analyzed. The break-evenunit investment costs for both cases with a nominal power of hydrogen generators of 5 MW depending on the purchase priceof electricity and the sale price of the main product were determined.


[1] Hong L., Lund H., Möller B., The importance of flexible power plant operation for Jiangsu's wind integration. Energy, 2012;41(1):499–507.
[2] Zhang S., Zou Y., Yao J., To what extent does wind power deployment affect vested interests? A case study of the Northeast China Grid. Energy Policy, 2013;63:814-822.
[3] Spicker S., Weber C., The future of the European electricity system and the impact of fluctuating renewable energy – A scenario analysis. Energy Policy, 2014;65:185-197.
[4] Lund H., Salgi G., Elmegaard B., Andersen A.N., Optimal operation strategies of compressed air energy storage (CAES) on electricity spot markets with fluctuating prices. Applied Thermal Engineering 2009;29:799-806.
[5] Guandalini G., Campanari S., Romano M.C., Power-to-gas plants and gas turbines for improved wind energy dispatchability: Energy and economic assessment. Applied Energy, 2015;147:117-130.
[6] Bussar C., Stöcker P., Cai Z., at all., Large-scale integration of renewable energies and impact on storage demand in a European renewable power system of 2050—Sensitivity study. Journal of Energy Storage, 2016;6:1-10.
[7] Budt M., Wolf D., Span R., Yan J., A review on compressed air energy storage: Basic principles, past milestones and recent developments. Applied Energy, 2016;170:250-268.
[8] Jin-Long L., Jian-Hua W., A comparative research of two adiabatic compressed air energy storage systems. Energy Conversion and Management, 2016;108:566-578.
[9] Bouman E.A., Øberg M.M., Hartwich E.G., Environmental impacts of balancing offshore wind power with compressed air energy storage (CAES). Energy, 2016;95:91-98.
[10] Kotowicz J., Jurczyk M., Efficiency of diabatic CAES installation. Rynek Energii 2015;119(4):49-56
[11] Luo X., Wang J., Dooner M., Clarke J., Krupke C., Overview of Current development in Compressed Air Energy Storage technology. Energy Procedia, 2014;62:603-611.
[12] Carmo M., Fritz D.L., Mergel J., Stolten D., A comprehensive review on PEM water electrolysis. Internetional Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2013;38(12):4901-4934.
[13] Węcel D., Ogulewicz W., Kotowicz J., Jurczyk M., Dynamics of electrolysers operation during hydrogen production. Rynek Energii 2016, 122(1), 59-65.
[14] Briguglio N., Brunaccini G., Siracusano S., at all., Design and testing of a compact PEM electrolyzer system. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2013;38(26):11519-11529.
[15] Milewski J., Guandalini G., Campanari S., Modeling an alkaline electrolysis cell through reduced-order and loss-estimate approaches. Journal od Power Sources, 2014;269:203-211.
[16] Ziems C., Tannert D., Krautz H.J., Project presentation: Design and installation of advanced high pressure alkaline electrolyzer-prototypes. Energy Procedia 2012;29:744-753.
[17] Hammoudi M., Henao C., Agbossou K., at all., New multi-physics approach for modelling and design of alkaline electrolyzers. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2012;37(19):13895-13913.
[18] Milewski J., Szcześniak A., Lewandowski J., Dynamic characteristics of auxiliary equipment of SOFC/SOEC hydrogen peak power plant. IERI Procedia, 2014;9:82-87.
[19] Sanz-Barmejo J., Muñoz-Antón J., Gonzalez-Aguilar J., Romero M., Part load operation of a solid oxide electrolysis system for integration with renewable energy sources. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2015;40(26):8291-8303.
[20] Stempien J.P., Sun Q., Chan S.H., Performance of power generation extension system based on solid-oxide electrolyzer cells under various design conditions. Energy 2013;55:647-657.
[21] Odukoya A., Naterer G.F., Roeb M., at all., Progress of the IAHE Nuclear Hydrogen Division on international hydrogen production programs. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2016;41(19):7878-7891.
[22] Gahleitner G., Hydrogen from renewable electricity: An international review of power-to-gas pilot plants for stationary applications. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2013;38:2039-2061.
[23] Götz M., Lefebvre J., Mörs F., at all., Renewable Power-to-Gas: A technological and economic review. Renewable Energy 2016;85:1371-1390.
[24] Walker S.B., Lanen D., Fowler M., Mukherjee U., Economic analysis with respect to Power-to-Gas energy storage with consideration of various market mechanisms. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2016;41(19):7754-7765.
[25] Jentsch M., Trost T., Sterner M., Optimal use of Power-to-Gas energy storage systems in an 85% renewable energy scenario. Energy Procedia 2014;46:254-261.
[26] Rouholamini M., Mohammadian M., Energy management of a grid-tied residential-scale hybrid renewable generation system incorporating fuel cell and electrolyzer. Energy and Buildings 2015;102:406-416.
[27] Chao E. M., Chase M., Jadd K., An economic analysis of the DTE energy hydrogen technology park. Center for Sustainable Systems University of Michigan. Report No. CSS06-10, May 11, 2006.
[28] Walker S.B. Mukherjee U., Fowler M., Elkamel A., Benchmarking and selection of Power-to-Gas utilizing electrolytic hydrogen as an energy storage alternative. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2016;41(19):7717-7731.
[29] Kotowicz J., Job M., Brzęczek M., The characteristics of ultramodern combined cycle power plants. Energy 2015;92:197-211.
[30] Bartela Ł., Skorek-Osikowska A., Kotowicz J., An analysis of the investment risk related to the integration of a supercritical coal-fired combined heat and power plant with an absorption installation for CO2 separation. Applied Energy 2015;156:423-435.
[31] MEGASTACK: Stack Design for a Megawatt Scale PEM Electrolyser. JU FCH project in the Seventh Framework Programme. Theme: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.2.3 Grant Agreement No.: 621233. 2016, January
How to Cite
BARTELA, Łukasz; KOTOWICZ, Janusz; DUBIEL, Klaudia. Technical – economic comparative analysis of the energy storage systems equipped with the hydrogen generation installation. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 96, n. 2, p. 92--100, july 2016. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 14 july 2024.
Energy Conversion and Storage


Power-to-Gas, wind farm, hydrogen generator, economic analysis

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.