Application of new POSICAST control method to synchronous generator excitation system

  • Hamidreza Ghorbani Electronic Engineering Department, UPC, Rambla Sant Nebridi, Terrassa
  • Mehdi Monadi Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
  • Amir Ghorbani Department of Electrical Engineering, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University
  • Jose Ignacio Candela Electronic Engineering Department, UPC, Rambla Sant Nebridi, Terrassa

Abstract

In this paper, modeling, analysis, design and simulation of a POSICAST controller are presented for application in a generator’sexcitation system. Simple structure is the most important characteristic of this controller. The controller is a feedforwardcompensator; it eliminates intensive over/undershoots in system dynamic response. Since changing the reference signal inthe excitation system of the synchronous generator causes oscillations in the terminal voltage, the POSICAST controller (PC)is applied at the outset of the excitation system to mitigate these oscillations. The impact of the proposed controller on thestability of the studied power system is evaluated by both eigenvalues analysis and experimental results. In order to validatethe theory, the performance of the designed controller is verified in OPAL-RT by experimental approach.

References

[1] P. Kundur, N. J. Balu, M. G. Lauby, Power system stability and control,
Vol. 7, McGraw-hill New York, 1994.
[2] F. A. Viawan, A. Sannino, J. Daalder, Voltage control with on-load tap
changers in medium voltage feeders in presence of distributed generation,
Electric power systems research 77 (10) (2007) 1314–1322.
[3] H. Khodr, F. Olsina, P. De Oliveira-De Jesus, J. Yusta, Maximum savings
approach for location and sizing of capacitors in distribution systems,
Electric Power Systems Research 78 (7) (2008) 1192–1203.
[4] T.-C. Lee, Y. Tan, D. Neši´c, Stability and persistent excitation in signal
sets, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 60 (5) (2015) 1188–
1203.
[5] C.-Y. Park, J.-M. Kwon, B.-H. Kwon, Automatic voltage regulator based
on series voltage compensation with ac chopper, IET Power Electronics
5 (6) (2012) 719–725.
[6] J. E. Mendoza, H. E. Peña, Automatic voltage regulators siting in distribution
systems considering hourly demand, Electric Power Systems
Research 81 (5) (2011) 1124–1131.
[7] P. W. Sauer, M. A. Pai, Power system dynamics and stability, Urbana.
[8] S. Mohagheghi, Y. del Valle, G. K. Venayagamoorthy, R. G. Harley,
A proportional-integrator type adaptive critic design-based neurocontroller
for a static compensator in a multimachine power system, IEEE
Transactions on Industrial Electronics 54 (1) (2007) 86–96.
[9] M. Abido, Y. Abdel-Magid, A fuzzy basis function network based power
system stabilizer for generator excitation control, Electric power systems
research 49 (1) (1999) 11–19.
[10] K. El-Metwally, N. Rao, O. Malik, G. Ramakrishna, Application of a
neural network as an integrated excitation controller, Electric power
systems research 42 (2) (1997) 121–126.
[11] V. Vesel`y, D. Mudroncik, Power system non-linear adaptive control,
Electric power systems research 22 (3) (1991) 235–242.
[12] W. Mielczarski, A. Zajaczkowski, Nonlinear field voltage control of
a synchronous generator using feedback linearization, Automatica
30 (10) (1994) 1625–1630.
[13] A. G. Loukianov, J. M. Cañedo, L. M. Fridman, A. Soto-Cota, Highorder
block sliding-mode controller for a synchronous generator with
an exciter system, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 58 (1)
(2011) 337–347.
[14] O. J. Smith, Posicast control of damped oscillatory systems, Proceedings
of the IRE 45 (9) (1957) 1249–1255.
[15] J. Y. Hung, Application of posicast principles in feedback control, in:
IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 2, 2002.
[16] H. Ghorbani, S. Masoudi, V. Hajiaghayi, Speed control of vector controlled
induction motors with fuzzy and posicast controller, Australian
Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5 (7) (2011) 1099–1106.
[17] Y. W. Li, Control and resonance damping of voltage-source and
current-source converters with lc filters, IEEE Transactions on Industrial
Electronics 56 (5) (2009) 1511–1521.
[18] P. C. Loh, D. M. Vilathgamuwa, S. K. Tang, H. L. Long, Multilevel dynamic
voltage restorer, in: Power System Technology, 2004. Power-
Con 2004. 2004 International Conference on, Vol. 2, IEEE, 2004, pp.
1673–1678.
[19] P. Loh, C. Gajanayake, D. Vilathgamuwa, F. Blaabjerg, Evaluation
of resonant damping techniques for z-source current-type inverter,
in: Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2006.
APEC’06. Twenty-First Annual IEEE, IEEE, 2006, pp. 7–pp.
[20] Q. Feng, R. M. Nelms, J. Y. Hung, Posicast-based digital control of
the buck converter, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 53 (3)
(2006) 759–767.
[21] Y. W. Li, B. Wu, N. R. Zargari, J. C. Wiseman, D. Xu, Damping of pwm
current-source rectifier using a hybrid combination approach, IEEE
Transactions on Power Electronics 22 (4) (2007) 1383–1393.
[22] Y. Neba, A simple method for suppression of resonance oscillation in
pwm current source converter, IEEE transactions on power electronics
20 (1) (2005) 132–139.
[23] Y. W. Li, P. C. Loh, F. Blaabjerg, D. M. Vilathgamuwa, Investigation
and improvement of transient response of dvr at medium voltage level,
IEEE transactions on industry applications 43 (5) (2007) 1309–1319.
[24] M. Khederzadeh, A. Ghorbani, Impact of vsc-based multiline facts controllers
on distance protection of transmission lines, IEEE transactions
on Power delivery 27 (1) (2012) 32–39.
[25] H. Ghorbani, J. I. Candela, A. Luna, P. Rodriguez, Posicast control—a
novel approach to mitigate multi-machine power system oscillations
in presence of wind farm, in: PES General Meeting| Conference &
Exposition, 2014 IEEE, IEEE, 2014, pp. 1–5.
[26] M. Kalantar, et al., Posicast control within feedback structure for a dc–
dc single ended primary inductor converter in renewable energy applications,
Applied Energy 87 (10) (2010) 3110–3114.
[27] A. Ghorbani, B. Mozafari, S. Soleymani, A. M. Ranjbar, Operation of
synchronous generator loe protection in the presence of shunt-facts,
Electric Power Systems Research 119 (2015) 178–186.
[28] H. Ghorbani, J. I. Candela, A. Luna, P. Rodriguez, Application of posicast
control method to generator excitation system, in: Industrial Electronics
(ISIE), 2014 IEEE 23rd International Symposium on, IEEE,
2014, pp. 58–63.
[29] J. Y. Hung, Feedback control with posicast, IEEE Transactions on industrial
electronics 50 (1) (2003) 94–99.
[30] J. Y. Hung, Posicast control past and present, IEEE Multidisciplinary
Engineering Education Magazine 2 (1).
[31] Recommended practice for excitation system models for power system
stability studies, IEEE Standard 421.5.
Published
2018-12-19
How to Cite
GHORBANI, Hamidreza et al. Application of new POSICAST control method to synchronous generator excitation system. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 98, n. 4, p. 336–344, dec. 2018. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <https://papers.itc.pw.edu.pl/index.php/JPT/article/view/809>. Date accessed: 03 aug. 2021.
Section
Electrical Engineering

Keywords

POSICAST controller; generator excitation system; automatic voltage regulator (AVR); real time simulation; eigenvalues analysis.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.