Theoretical analysis of various climatic parameter effects on performance of a basin solar still

  • Masoud Afrand Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.
  • Arash Karimipour Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.

Abstract

A numerical simulation of a basin solar still under various climatic parameters was performed. The proposed system wasmodeled using the mass and energy balance equations of different parts of the solar still. The resulting system of nonlinearalgebraic equations was solved numerically and the effect of various parameters, such as wind speed, air temperature andsolar radiation on the amount of distilled water produced was described. The results showed that the ambient temperatureand wind speed had no significant effect on the amount of distilled water produced, while the amount of solar radiation exerteda direct effect on the amount of distilled water produced and performance of the system.

References

[1] P. Krawczyk, K. Badyda, Modelling of thermal and flow processes in a
solar waste-water sludge dryer with supplementary heat supply from
external sources., Journal of Power Technologies 91 (1) (2011) 37.
[2] R. D. Tapakis, A. G. Charalambides, Performance evaluation of a photovoltaic
park in cyprus using irradiance sensors, Journal of Power
Technologies 94 (4) (2014) 296.
[3] A. Wyrwa, A. Szurlej, L. Gawlik, W. Suwala, Energy scenarios for
poland-a comparison of primes and times-pl modeling results, Journal
of Power Technologies 95 (5) (2015) 100.
[4] F. Zebiri, A. Kessal, L. Rahmani, A. Chebabhi, Analysis and design
of photovoltaic pumping system based on nonlinear speed controller,
Journal of Power Technologies 96 (1) (2016) 40.
[5] M. Afrand, D. Toghraie, B. Ruhani, Effects of temperature and nanoparticles
concentration on rheological behavior of fe 3 o 4–ag/eg hybrid
nanofluid: an experimental study, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
77 (2016) 38–44.
[6] M. Baratpour, A. Karimipour, M. Afrand, S. Wongwises, Effects of
temperature and concentration on the viscosity of nanofluids made of
single-wall carbon nanotubes in ethylene glycol, International Communications
in Heat and Mass Transfer 74 (2016) 108–113.
[7] H. Eshgarf, M. Afrand, An experimental study on rheological behavior
of non-newtonian hybrid nano-coolant for application in cooling and
heating systems, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 76 (2016)
221–227.
[8] M. Soltanimehr, M. Afrand, Thermal conductivity enhancement of
cooh-functionalized mwcnts/ethylene glycol–water nanofluid for application
in heating and cooling systems, Applied Thermal Engineering
105 (2016) 716–723.
[9] D. Toghraie, V. A. Chaharsoghi, M. Afrand, Measurement of thermal
conductivity of zno–tio2/eg hybrid nanofluid, Journal of Thermal Analysis
and Calorimetry 125 (1) (2016) 527–535.
[10] A. Kaushal, et al., Solar stills: A review, Renewable and Sustainable
Energy Reviews 14 (1) (2010) 446–453.
[11] M. S. S. Abujazar, S. Fatihah, A. Rakmi, M. Shahrom, The effects of
design parameters on productivity performance of a solar still for seawater
desalination: A review, Desalination 385 (2016) 178–193.
[12] T. Rajaseenivasan, K. Kalidasa Murugavel, T. Elango, Performance
and exergy analysis of a double-basin solar still with different materials
in basin, Desalination and Water Treatment 55 (7) (2015) 1786–1794.
[13] H. N. Panchal, P. K. Shah, Enhancement of upper basin distillate output
by attachment of vacuum tubes with double-basin solar still, Desalination
and Water Treatment 55 (3) (2015) 587–595.
[14] A. Minasian, A. Al-Karaghouli, S. Habeeb, Utilization of a cylindrical
parabolic reflector for desalination of saline water, Energy conversion
and management 38 (7) (1997) 701–704.
[15] S. Kumar, G. Tiwari, H. Singh, Annual performance of an active solar
distillation system, Desalination 127 (1) (2000) 79–88.
[16] P. ˙I. Ayav, G. Atagündüz, Theoretical and experimental investigations
on solar distillation of iztech campus area seawater, Desalination
208 (1-3) (2007) 169–180.
[17] S. Radwan, A. Hassanain, M. Abu-Zeid, et al., Single slope solar still
for sea water distillation., World Applied Sciences Journal 7 (4) (2009)
485–497.
[18] A. S. Rajan, K. Raja, P. Marimuthu, Multi basin desalination using
biomass heat source and analytical validation using rsm, Energy Conversion
and Management 87 (2014) 359–366.
[19] M. Asbik, O. Ansari, A. Bah, N. Zari, A. Mimet, H. El-Ghetany, Exergy
analysis of solar desalination still combined with heat storage system
using phase change material (pcm), Desalination 381 (2016) 26–37.
[20] K. Srithar, T. Rajaseenivasan, N. Karthik, M. Periyannan, M. Gowtham,
Stand alone triple basin solar desalination system with cover cooling
and parabolic dish concentrator, Renewable Energy 90 (2016) 157–
165.
[21] W. C. Swinbank, Long-wave radiation from clear skies, Quarterly Journal
of the Royal Meteorological Society 89 (381) (1963) 339–348.
[22] R. Dunkle, Solar water distillation: the roof type still and the multiple
effect diffusor, Int. Dev. in Heat Transfer;().
[23] J. Fernández, N. Chargoy, Multi-stage, indirectly heated solar still, Solar
energy 44 (4) (1990) 215–223.
[24] Grundgesetze der Waermeubertrgung, Springer-Verlag, 1963, Grigull
U.
[25] M. Afrand, A. Behzadmehr, A. Karimipour, A numerical simulation of
solar distillation for installation in chabahar-iran, World Academy of
Science, Engineering and Technology 47 (2010) 469–474.
Published
2017-02-27
How to Cite
AFRAND, Masoud; KARIMIPOUR, Arash. Theoretical analysis of various climatic parameter effects on performance of a basin solar still. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 97, n. 1, p. 44--51, feb. 2017. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <https://papers.itc.pw.edu.pl/index.php/JPT/article/view/781>. Date accessed: 29 july 2021.
Section
Renewable and Sustainable Energy

Keywords

Theoretical analysis, Basin solar still, Climatic parameters, Efficiency, Desalination,

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.