Investigation exhaust emissions and performance characteristics of a diesel engine by using addition of nanoparticles to diesel fuel

  • Vali Nozari Department of Agricultural Machinery, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Babak Beheshti Department of Agricultural Machinery, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Barat Ghobadian Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-336, Tehran, Iran
  • Saied Ali Mohammad Borghei Department of Agricultural Machinery, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Users of fossil fuels are facing a range of challenges such as long-term rising demand, climate concerns due to emission of greenhouse gases, ecological pollution, finite reserves and price fluctuations. Diesel fuel is similarly affected, though with its own subset of issues. Studies suggest that diesel fuel characteristics are affected by addition of nanoparticles. In this research, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were blended with pure diesel as an additive at concentrations of 30, 60, and 90 ppm to assess the emission and performance characteristics of a single-cylinder compression combustion engine. The considered emission contents included CO, CO2, HC, and NO produced by an engine at 50% and 100% loads, at 1800, 2300, and 2800 rpm. Addition of CNTs to the diesel fuel considerably reduced the emission of CO, CO2, HC, and NO compared to additive-free diesel fuel. Furthermore, with the addition of carbon nanotubes, the Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) and the Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) decreased, while the power and Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) increased at all loads and speeds of the engine.

Author Biography

Babak Beheshti, Department of Agricultural Machinery, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Dear Editor of Journal of Power TechnologiesI am submitting a manuscript for consideration of publication in Journal of Power Technologies. The manuscript is entitled “Investigation exhaust emissions and performance characteristics of a diesel engine by using addition of nanoparticles to diesel fuel”.  It has not been published elsewhere and that it has not been submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere.Thank you very much for your consideration.Yours Sincerely,Dr. Babak BeheshtiDepartment of Agricultural Machinery, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.E-mail: Beheshti-b@srbaiu.ac.ir

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Published
2020-05-03
How to Cite
NOZARI, Vali et al. Investigation exhaust emissions and performance characteristics of a diesel engine by using addition of nanoparticles to diesel fuel. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 100, n. 2, p. 129-137, may 2020. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <https://papers.itc.pw.edu.pl/index.php/JPT/article/view/1557>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2021.
Section
Combustion and Fuel Processing

Keywords

Carbon Nanotubes, Diesel Fuel, Emission, performance, Engine,

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