Hybridization of photovoltaics with pumped storage hydroelectricity. An approach to increase RES penetration and achieve grid benefits. Application in the island of Cyprus

  • Pavlos Tsamaslis ESTIA consulting & engineering S.A.
  • George Karagiorgis Hystore Technologies Ltd
  • Athanasios Katsanevakis Mechanical Engineering Dept, Technology Institute of Central Macedonia

Abstract

The penetration of renewable energy resources in small isolated grids can be significantly enhanced by introducing energystorage facilities into the system. This work presents the application of pumped storage in an autonomous island with intensesolar irradiation but low wind resources. The proposed system hybridizes photovoltaics with pumped hydroelectric energystorage. Taking into account all significant electrical grid and power stations operating parameters, a customizable smart algorithmwas developed to simulate the effects of various scenarios of PV-hydro hybrid power plants applied in the autonomousgrid of Cyprus. The tools developed can be applied in any other case where hybridization of pumped storage and PVs canbe used. This novel approach provides significant benefits for both the penetration of renewables and the stabilization of theautonomous grid, offering numerous technical and commercial benefits to power system operators and stakeholders.

References

[1] P. Denholm, M. Hand, Grid flexibility and storage required to achieve
very high penetration of variable renewable electricity, Energy Policy
39 (3) (2011) 1817–1830.
[2] I. Hadjipaschalis, A. Poullikkas, V. Efthimiou, Overview of current and
future energy storage technologies for electric power applications, Renewable
and sustainable energy reviews 13 (6) (2009) 1513–1522.
[3] R. Aihara, A. Yokoyama, F. Nomiyama, N. Kosugi, Optimal operation
scheduling of pumped storage hydro power plant in power system with
a large penetration of photovoltaic generation using genetic algorithm,
in: PowerTech, 2011 IEEE Trondheim, IEEE, 2011, pp. 1–8.
[4] A. Gourbi, I. Bousmaha, M. Brahami, A. Tilmatine, Numerical study
of a hybrid photovoltaic power supply system, Journal of Power Technologies
96 (2) (2016) 137.
[5] R. D. Tapakis, A. G. Charalambides, Performance evaluation of a photovoltaic
park in cyprus using irradiance sensors, Journal of Power
Technologies 94 (4) (2014) 296.
[6] C. Jacovides, N. Kaltsunides, L. Hachioannou, L. Stefanou, An assessment
of the solar radiation climate of the cyprus environment, Renewable
energy 3 (8) (1993) 913–918.
[7] A. Tuohy, J. Zack, S. E. Haupt, J. Sharp, M. Ahlstrom, S. Dise,
E. Grimit, C. Mohrlen, M. Lange, M. G. Casado, et al., Solar forecasting:
methods, challenges, and performance, IEEE Power and Energy
Magazine 13 (6) (2015) 50–59.
[8] M. Zieher, M. Lange, U. Focken, Variable renewable energy
forecasting–integration into electricity grids and markets–a best practice
guide (2015).
[9] N. I. Task, 2.1 report: Variable generation power forecasting for operations,
Washington, DC, May.
[10] A. Poullikkas, Optimization analysis for pumped energy storage systems
in small isolated power systems, Journal of Power Technologies
93 (2) (2013) 78.
[11] Cyprus Department of Meteorology of the Ministry of Agriculture
- official website: http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/ms/ms.nsf/ DMLcyclimate_
en/DMLcyclimate_en?opendocumen.
[12] M. Šúri, T. A. Huld, E. D. Dunlop, H. A. Ossenbrink, Potential of solar
electricity generation in the european union member states and candidate
countries, Solar energy 81 (10) (2007) 1295–1305.
[13] T. Huld, R. Müller, A. Gambardella, A new solar radiation database for
estimating pv performance in europe and africa, Solar Energy 86 (6)
(2012) 1803–1815.
[14] Dams of Cyprus, Ministry of Agriculture, National Resources and Environment,
2009.
[15] Papantonis D., Anagnostopoulos J., Papadopoulos M., Papathanassiou
S., Karamanou E., Papaefthimiou S., Investigation of technical
and economic parameters for integration of hybrid wind-pumped hydro
power plants in the non-interconnected Greek islands, Technical
Report, RAE, Athens, March 2008 (in Greeks).
[16] M. Kapsali, J. Anagnostopoulos, J. Kaldellis, Wind powered pumpedhydro
storage systems for remote islands: a complete sensitivity analysis
based on economic perspectives, Applied energy 99 (2012) 430–
444.
[17] J. S. Anagnostopoulos, D. E. Papantonis, Pumping station design for
a pumped-storage wind-hydro power plant, Energy Conversion and
Management 48 (11) (2007) 3009–3017.
[18] Generation of Electricity using Renewable Energy Sources and High-
Efficiency Cogeneration of Electricity and Heat and Miscellaneous Provisions,
Greek Government Gazette 129/B’//27.06.2006.
[19] Licensing Procedure for Plants using Renewable Energy Sources and
High-Efficiency Cogeneration of. Electricity and Heat, Greek Government
Gazette 2373/B’/25.10.2011.
[20] Non-Interconnected Islands Code, Greek Government Gazette
304/B’/11.02.2014.
[21] Electricity Authority of Cyprus – EAC – official website:
www.eac.com.cy.
[22] P. Andrianesis, G. Liberopoulos, C. Varnavas, The impact of wind generation
on isolated power systems: The case of cyprus, in: PowerTech
(POWERTECH), 2013 IEEE Grenoble, IEEE, 2013, pp. 1–6.
[23] Cyprus Transmission System Operator – TSO – official website:
www.dsm.org.cy.
[24] Cyprus Energy Regulatory of Energy – CERA – official website:
www.cera.org.cy.
[25] R. Arghandeh, A. Onen, J. Jung, R. P. Broadwater, Harmonic interactions
of multiple distributed energy resources in power distribution
networks, Electric Power Systems Research 105 (2013) 124–133.
[26] R. Noroozian, M. Abedi, G. Gharehpetian, S. Hosseini, Distributed resources
and dc distribution system combination for high power quality,
International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 32 (7)
(2010) 769–781.
[27] A. Poullikkas, S. Papadouris, G. Kourtis, I. Hadjipaschalis, Storage solutions
for power quality problems in cyprus electricity distribution network,
AIMS Energy 2 (2014) 1–17.
Published
2018-01-27
How to Cite
TSAMASLIS, Pavlos; KARAGIORGIS, George; KATSANEVAKIS, Athanasios. Hybridization of photovoltaics with pumped storage hydroelectricity. An approach to increase RES penetration and achieve grid benefits. Application in the island of Cyprus. Journal of Power Technologies, [S.l.], v. 97, n. 4, p. 336–341, jan. 2018. ISSN 2083-4195. Available at: <https://papers.itc.pw.edu.pl/index.php/JPT/article/view/1167>. Date accessed: 05 aug. 2021.
Section
Solar Power Technologies

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.