LES numerical study on in–injector cavitating flow

Rafał Pyszczek, Łukasz Jan Kapusta, Andrzej Teodorczyk

Abstract


In this paper a computational study on hexane flow in a fuel injector is presented. Large Eddy Simulation (LES) was used
to capture the turbulent patterns present in the flow. The main aim was to investigate the cavitation phenomenon and its
interaction with turbulence as well as the influence of injection pressure and backpressure on fuel mass flow and flow conditions.
Analysis of the approach to define the outlet boundary conditions in terms of convergence time and fluid mass outflow
oscillations formed a crucial part of the study. Numerical simulations were performed with AVL Fire CFD (Computational Fluid
Dynamics) software. The Euler-Euler approach and multifluid model for multiphase flow modelling were applied. Injector
needle movement was included in the simulation. Results show that the additional volumes attached to the nozzle outlets
improved the convergence of the simulations and reduced mass outflow oscillations. Fuel mass flow at the outlets was dependent
on inlet pressure, position of the needle and backpressure, while the influence of backpressure on fuel mass flow was
negligible. The presence of the vapor phase at the exit of the nozzles did not affect average fuel mass flow. All the simulations
showed interaction between the gaseous phase distribution and the turbulence of the flow.

Keywords


cavitation; cavitating flow; in-injector flow; Eulerian multiphase; multiphase flow; numerical simulation; Large Eddy Simulation; LES

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