Low-Voltage Ride-Through (LVRT) Capability Enhancement of DFIG-Based Wind Farm by Using Bridge-Type Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (BTSFCL)

Mehdi Firouzi

Abstract


Abstract Integration of large-scale wind power plants (WPPs) in power systems faces high short circuit current and low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) challenges under fault condition. The use of superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) was found to be a promising and cost effective solution to solve these problems. This paper presents a theoretical analysis of Bridge-type SFCL (BTSFCL) performance supported by PSCAD/EMTDC based simulation to enhance the LVRT capability of doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based WPPs. It suppresses the transient fault current without any delay time and prevents from instantaneous voltage sag in the connecting point at fault inception time. The main advantages of BTSFCL are: simplicity, high reliability and automatic operation under fault condition for enhancing the LVRT performance. The studied WPP is modeled based on an aggregated doubly-fed induction-generator (DFIG) wind turbine. Simulation results reveal that BTSFCL limits the transient short circuit current contribution of WPP and enhances the LVRT capability of the DFIG-based WPP. Also, the performance of BTSFCL is compared with the static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) for enhancing the LVRT capability.

Keywords


DVR, Bridge-type SFCL, Power Quality, Point of Common Coupling (PCC)

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Tsili, S. Papathanassiou, A review of grid code technical requirements

for wind farms, IET Renewable power generation 3 (3) (2009)

–332.

M. Mohseni, S. M. Islam, Review of international grid codes for wind

power integration: Diversity, technology and a case for global standard,

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16 (6) (2012) 3876–

V. Gevorgian, E. Muljadi, Wind power plant short circuit current contribution

for different fault and wind turbine topologies, Tech. rep., National

Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

(2010).

J. Morren, S. W. De Haan, Short-circuit current of wind turbines with

doubly fed induction generator, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY

CONVERSION EC 22 (1) (2007) 174.

G. Pannell, D. J. Atkinson, B. Zahawi, Analytical study of grid-fault response

of wind turbine doubly fed induction generator, IEEE Transactions

on Energy Conversion 25 (4) (2010) 1081–1091.

L. G. Meegahapola, T. Littler, D. Flynn, Decoupled-dfig fault ridethrough

strategy for enhanced stability performance during grid faults,

IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy 1 (3) (2010) 152–162.

J. Lopez, P. Sanchis, X. Roboam, L. Marroyo, Dynamic behavior of the

doubly fed induction generator during three-phase voltage dips, IEEE

Transactions on Energy conversion 22 (3) (2007) 709–717.

M. Firouzi, G. B. Gharehpetian, B. Mozafari, Power-flow control and

short-circuit current limitation of wind farms using unified interphase

power controller, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 32 (1) (2016)

–71.

K. Goweily, M. S. El Moursi, M. Abdel-Rahman, M. A. Badr, Voltage

booster scheme for enhancing the fault ride-through of wind turbines,

IET Power Electronics 8 (10) (2015) 1853–1863.

L. Chen, C. Deng, F. Zheng, S. Li, Y. Liu, Y. Liao, Fault ride-through

capability enhancement of dfig-based wind turbine with a flux-couplingtype

sfcl employed at different locations, IEEE Transactions on Applied

Superconductivity 25 (3) (2014) 1–5.

R. Zhu, Z. Chen, X. Wu, F. Deng, Virtual damping flux-based lvrt control

for dfig-based wind turbine, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion

(2) (2015) 714–725.

R. Zhu, Z. Chen, X. Wu, F. Deng, Virtual damping flux-based lvrt control

for dfig-based wind turbine, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion

(2) (2015) 714–725.

G. Pannell, D. J. Atkinson, B. Zahawi, Minimum-threshold crowbar for

a fault-ride-through grid-code-compliant dfig wind turbine, IEEE Transdoubly fed induction generator, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY

CONVERSION EC 22 (1) (2007) 174.

G. Pannell, D. J. Atkinson, B. Zahawi, Analytical study of grid-fault response

of wind turbine doubly fed induction generator, IEEE Transactions

on Energy Conversion 25 (4) (2010) 1081–1091.

L. G. Meegahapola, T. Littler, D. Flynn, Decoupled-dfig fault ridethrough

strategy for enhanced stability performance during grid faults,

IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy 1 (3) (2010) 152–162.

J. Lopez, P. Sanchis, X. Roboam, L. Marroyo, Dynamic behavior of the

doubly fed induction generator during three-phase voltage dips, IEEE

Transactions on Energy conversion 22 (3) (2007) 709–717.

M. Firouzi, G. B. Gharehpetian, B. Mozafari, Power-flow control and

short-circuit current limitation of wind farms using unified interphase

power controller, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 32 (1) (2016)

–71.

K. Goweily, M. S. El Moursi, M. Abdel-Rahman, M. A. Badr, Voltage

booster scheme for enhancing the fault ride-through of wind turbines,

IET Power Electronics 8 (10) (2015) 1853–1863.

L. Chen, C. Deng, F. Zheng, S. Li, Y. Liu, Y. Liao, Fault ride-through

capability enhancement of dfig-based wind turbine with a flux-couplingtype

sfcl employed at different locations, IEEE Transactions on Applied

Superconductivity 25 (3) (2014) 1–5.

R. Zhu, Z. Chen, X. Wu, F. Deng, Virtual damping flux-based lvrt control

for dfig-based wind turbine, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion

(2) (2015) 714–725.

R. Zhu, Z. Chen, X. Wu, F. Deng, Virtual damping flux-based lvrt control

for dfig-based wind turbine, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion

(2) (2015) 714–725.

G. Pannell, D. J. Atkinson, B. Zahawi, Minimum-threshold crowbar for

a fault-ride-through grid-code-compliant dfig wind turbine, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 25 (3) (2010) 750–759.

L. Wang, D.-N. Truong, Stability enhancement of dfig-based offshore

wind farm fed to a multi-machine system using a statcom, IEEE transactions

on power systems 28 (3) (2013) 2882–2889.

W. Qiao, G. K. Venayagamoorthy, R. G. Harley, Real-time implementation

of a statcom on a wind farm equipped with doubly fed induction

generators, IEEE transactions on industry applications 45 (1) (2009)

–107.

C. Wessels, F. Gebhardt, F. W. Fuchs, Fault ride-through of a dfig wind

turbine using a dynamic voltage restorer during symmetrical and asymmetrical

grid faults, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics 26 (3)

(2010) 807–815.

J. Yao, H. Li, Z. Chen, X. Xia, X. Chen, Q. Li, Y. Liao, Enhanced control

of a dfig-based wind-power generation system with series gridside

converter under unbalanced grid voltage conditions, IEEE Transactions

on power electronics 28 (7) (2012) 3167–3181.

M. Firouzi, G. B. Gharehpetian, S. B. Mozafari, Application of uipc

to improve power system stability and lvrt capability of scig-based

wind farms, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution 11 (9) (2017)

–2322.

N. K. Singh, R. M. Tumilty, G. M. Burt, C. G. Bright, C. C. Brozio,

D. Roberts, A. C. Smith, M. Husband, System-level studies of a MgB2

superconducting fault-current limiter in an active distribution network,

IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity 20 (2) (2010) 54–60.

J. Kozak, M. Majka, S. Kozak, T. Janowski, Comparison of inductive

and resistive sfcl, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

(3) (2012) 5600604–5600604.

M. Firouzi, G. Gharehpetian, M. Pishvaei, A dual-functional bridge type

fcl to restore pcc voltage, International Journal of Electrical Power &

Energy Systems 46 (2013) 49–55.

M. Firouzi, G. B. Gharehpetian, M. Pishvaie, Thd reduction of pcc voltage

by using bridge-type fault current limiter, International Transactions

on Electrical Energy Systems 23 (5) (2013) 655–668.

F. Mei, B. C. Pal, Modelling of doubly-fed induction generator for power

system stability study, in: 2008 IEEE Power and Energy Society General

Meeting-Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st

Century, IEEE, 2008, pp. 1–8.

P. Anderson, A. Bose, Stability simulation of wind turbine systems,

IEEE transactions on power apparatus and systems (12) (1983) 3791–

B. Adkins, R. G. Harley, The general theory of alternating current machines:

application to practical problems, Springer, 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.