(0030) Comprehensive Topological and Controllers Review of Isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for Renewable Energy Applications

Rahmi İlker Kayaalp, Tuğçe Demirdelen, Mehmet Tümay


There are lots of bidirectional dc-dc converters (BDCs) in renewable energy applications such as photovoltaic systems, wind energy and electric vehicles. BDC topologies are created with different triggering elements and operated with different control methods for improving the system efficiency. In this paper, firstly operation principle of isolated BDC is expressed and these topological differences are summarized with half bridge or full bridge subtitles. Moreover, lots of control methods are also classified and represented for the available topologies. Consequently, improvement of the converter performance techniques are given and the most convenient topologies and controllers are determined for each renewable energy application by considering efficiency manner.


Bidirectional DC-DC Converters; Power Flow; Topologies; Efficiencies; Photovoltaic Systems; Wind Energy; Electric Vehicles


J. P. T. P. G. Pereirinha, F. J. T. E. Ferreira, and H. M. Jorge, “Study of inductor effects in a bidirectional DC-DC converter for electrical vehicle,” in Proc. ICEM’10, 2010, pp. 1-6.

F. Caricchi, F. Crescimbini, G. Noia, and D. Pirolo, “Experimental study of a bidirectional DC-DC converter for the DC link voltage control in PM motor drives devoted to electrical vehicles,” in Proc. APEC’94, 1994, pp. 381-386.

F. Caricchi, F. Crescimbini, and A. Di Napoli, “20kW water-cooled prototype of a buck-boost bidirectional DC-DC converter topology for electrical vehicle motor drives,” in Proc. APEC’95, 1995, pp. 887-892.

Y. Du, X. Zhou, S. Bai, S. Lukic, and A. Huang, “Review of Non-isolated Bi-directional DC-DC Converters for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charge Station Application at Municipal Parking Decks,” in Proc. APEC’10, 2010, pp. 1145-1151.

D. C. Erb, O. C. Onar, and A. Khaligh, “Bi-directional Charging Topologies for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” in Proc. APEC’10, 2010, pp. 2066-2072.

Y. Du, S. Lukic, B. Jacobson, and A. Huang, “Review of High Power Isolated Bi-directional DC-DC Converters for PHEV/EV DC Charging Infrastructure,” in Proc. IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2011, pp. 553-560.

A. S. Babokany, M. Jabbari, G. Shahgholian, and M. Mahdavian, “A Review of Bidirectional Dual Active Bridge Converter,” in Proc. ECTI-CON’12, 2012, pp. 1-4.

B. Zhao, Q. Song, W. Liu, and Y. Sun, “Overview of Dual-Active-Bridge Isolated Bidirectional DC–DC Converter for High-Frequency-Link Power-Conversion System,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2014, vol.29, no.8, pp. 4091-4106.

S. Inoue, H. Akagi, “A Bidirectional Isolated DC-DC Converter as a Core Circuit of the Next-Generation Medium-Voltage Power Conversion System,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2007, vol.22, no.2, pp. 535-542.

N. M. L. Tan, S. Inoue, A. Kobayashi, and H. Akagi, “Voltage Balancing of a 320-V, 12-F Electric Double-Layer Capacitor Bank Combined with a 10-kW Bidirectional Isolated DC-DC Converter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2008, vol.23, no.6, pp. 2755-2765.

W. Chen, P. Rong and Z. Lu, “Snubberless Bidirectional DC-DC Converter With New CLLC Resonant Tank Featuring Minimized Switching Loss,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2010, vol.57, no.9, pp. 3075-3086.

G. Chen, D. Xu, and Y.-S. Lee, “A Novel Fully Zero-Voltage-Switching Phase-Shift Bidirectional DC-DC Converter,” in Proc. APEC’01, 2001, pp. 974-979.

T. Mishima, E. Hiraki, T. Tanaka, and M. Nakaoka, “A New Soft-Switched Bidirectional DC-DC Converter Topology for Automotive High Voltage DC Bus Architectures,” in Proc. IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2006, pp. 1-6.

C.-M. Young, Y.-S. Cheng, B.-R. Peng, S.-H. Chi, and Z.-Z. Yang, “Design and Implementation of a High-efficiency Bidirectional DC-DC Converter,” in Proc. IFEEC’15, 2015 , pp. 1-5.

H. Li, F. Z. Peng, and J. S. Lawler, “A Natural ZVS Medium-Power Bidirectional DC–DC Converter With Minimum Number of Devices,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2003, vol.39, no.2, pp. 525-535.

H. Li, D. Liu, F. Z. Peng, and G.-J. Su, “A Small Signal Analysis of A Dual Half Bridge Isolated ZVS Bi-directional dc-dc converter for Electrical Vehicle Application,” in Proc. IEEE 36th Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2005, pp. 2777-2782.

E. Ribeiro, A. J. M. Cardoso, and C. Boccaletti, “Fault Diagnosis in Non-Isolated Bidirectional Half Bridge DC-DC Converters,” in Proc. IECON’14, 2014 , pp. 4458-4463.

W. Chen, S. Wang, X. Hong, Z. Lu, and S. Ye, “Fully Soft-switched Bidirectional Resonant DC-DC Converter with A New CLLC Tank,” in Proc. APEC’10, 2010, pp. 1238-1242.

Z. Wang, and H. Li, “Three-phase Bidirectional DC-DC Converter with Enhanced Current Sharing Capability,” in Proc. IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2010, pp. 1116-1122.

A. Virtanen, H. Tuusa, “Power Compensator for High Power Fluctuating Loads with a Supercapacitor Bank Energy Storage,” in Proc. IEEE PEC’08, 2008, pp. 977-982.

H. Fan, and H. Li, “High Frequency High Efficiency Bidirectional DC-DC Converter Module Design for 10 kVA Solid State Transformer,” in Proc. APEC’10, 2010, pp. 210-215.

P. Jing, and C. Wang, “Analysis of Isolated Three-level Half-bridge Bidirectional DC/DC Converter based on series resonant,” in Proc. ISIE’12, 2012, pp. 194-199.

C. Wang, F. Zhao, Q. Gao, Y. Cai, and H. Cheng, “Performance analysis of high-frequency isolated dual half-bridge three-level bi-directional DC/DC converter,” ITEC’14, 2014, pp. 1-6.

F. Zhao, C. Wang, R. Dong, and X. Yang, “Performance Analysis of Half Bridge Three-level Full Bridge Bi-directional DC-DC Converters,” International Power Electronics and Application Conference and Exposition, 2014, pp. 1503-1508.

C. Zhao, S. D. Round, and J. W. Kolar, “Full Order Averaging Modelling of Zero-Voltage-Switching-Phase-Shift Bidirectional DC-DC Converters,” IET Power Electronics, Vol. 3, no.8, pp. 400-410.

S. K. G. Reddy, and V. Swarupa, “Extended Phase Shift Control of Isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converter for Renewable Energy Sources Connected to Micro Grid,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, 2013, Vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 3864-3872.

H. Bai, and C. Mi, “Eliminate Reactive Power and Increase System Efficiency of Isolated Bidirectional Dual-Active-Bridge DC-DC Converters using Novel Dual-Phase-Shift Control, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2008, Vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 2905-2914.

K. Wu, W. C. De Silva, and W. G. Dunford, “Stability Analysis of Isolated Bidirectional Dual Active Full Bridge DC-DC Converter with Tripe Phase Shift Control,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 2007-2017.

X. Dehong, Z. Chuanhong, and F. Haifeng, “A PWM Plus Phase-Shift Control Bidirectional DC-DC Converter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2004, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 666-675.

X. Lingyu, S. Deshang, and C. Hongyu, “A ZVS Bidirectional Three-Level DC-DC Converter with Direct Current Slew Rate Control of Leakage Inductance,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition Conference, 2014, pp. 4410-4415.

J. Wang, S. Li, J. Yang, B. Wu, and Q. Li, “Extended state observer-based sliding mode control for PWM based DC-DC buck power converter systems with mismatched disturbances,” IET Control Theory Applications, 2015, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 579-586.

B. Zhao, Q. Yu, Z. Leng, and X. Chen, “Switched Z-Source Isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converter and Its Phase-Shifting Shoot –Through Bivariate Coordinated Control Strategy,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2012, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 4657-4670.

M. E. Meral, L. Sarıbulut, A. Teke, and M. Tümay, “A Novel Switching Signals Generation Method for Hybrid Multilevel Inverters,” International Conference, ELECO Electrical and Electronics Engineering IEEE, pp. 428-431.

A. Chebabhia, M. K. Fellahb, A. Kessala, M. F. Benkhorisc,” Four Leg DSTATCOM based on Synchronous Reference Frame Theory with Enhanced Phase Locked Loop for Compensating a Four Wire Distribution Network under Unbalanced PCC Voltages and Loads,” Journal of Power Technologies 96 (1) (2016) 15–26.


  • There are currently no refbacks.