Modeling a membrane reactor for a zero-emission combined cycle power plant

Janusz Kotowicz, Marcin Job

Abstract


A zero emission gas turbine power plant with a membrane reactor works on the concept of using ion oxygen transport
membrane (ITM) technology in order to apply carbon dioxide capture with limited loss of electricity generation efficiency.
The membrane reactor replaces the combustor in the gas turbine and combines three functions: oxygen separation from air
through a high-temperature membrane, fuel combustion in the internal reactor cycle, and heating oxygen-depleted air, which
is directed to the turbine. This paper presents a gas turbine power plant integrated with a membrane reactor and a detailed
description of the membrane reactor model. Selected results of thermodynamic analysis of the modeled power plant are
presented.

Keywords


oxy-combustion; zero-emission combined cycle gas turbine; membrane reactor; ion transport membrane; ITM

Full Text:

PDF

References


R. K. Pachauri, M. R. Allen, V. Barros, J. Broome,W. Cramer, R. Christ,

J. Church, L. Clarke, Q. Dahe, P. Dasgupta, et al., Climate change

: synthesis Report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to

the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate

change, IPCC, 2014.

Energy and climate change, World energy outlook special report, International

Energy Agency (2015).

T. Chmielniak, Energy technologies, WNT, Warsaw, 2008.

K. Badyda, Perspektywy rozwoju technologii turbin gazowych oraz

bloków gazowo-parowych [state and prospects of gas turbine and

combined cycle technology development], Rynek Energii 4 (113)

(2014) 74–82.

J.-P. Tranier, R. Dubettier, A. Darde, N. Perrin, Air separation, flue gas

compression and purification units for oxy-coal combustion systems,

Energy Procedia 4 (2011) 966–971.

L. Zheng (Ed.), Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon

dioxide (CO2) capture, Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2011.

A. R. Smith, J. Klosek, A review of air separation technologies and

their integration with energy conversion processes, Fuel processing

technology 70 (2) (2001) 115–134.

J. Kotowicz, S. Michalski, Efficiency analysis of a hard-coal-fired supercritical

power plant with a four-end high-temperature membrane for

air separation, Energy 64 (2014) 109–119.

T. Burdyny, H. Struchtrup, Hybrid membrane/cryogenic separation of

oxygen from air for use in the oxy-fuel process, Energy 35 (5) (2010)

–1897.

E. Yantovsky, J. Górski, M. Shokotov, Zero emissions power cycles,

CRC Press, 2009.

C. Liu, G. Chen, N. Sipöcz, M. Assadi, X.-S. Bai, Characteristics of oxyfuel

combustion in gas turbines, Applied Energy 89 (1) (2012) 387–

N. Zhang, N. Lior, Two novel oxy-fuel power cycles integrated with natural

gas reforming and co 2 capture, Energy 33 (2) (2008) 340–351.

J. Kotowicz, M. Job, M. Brze˛czek, Porównanie termodynamiczne elektrowni

gazowo-parowych bez iz wychwytem co2, Rynek Energii 112

(2014) 82–87.

K. Foy, J. McGovern, Comparison of ion transport membranes, in:

Proc. 4th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration,

, pp. 2–5.

H. Lu, Y. Cong, W. Yang, Oxygen permeability and stability of ba 0.5

sr 0.5 co 0.8 fe 0.2 o 3- as an oxygen-permeable membrane at high

pressures, Solid State Ionics 177 (5) (2006) 595–600.

S. G. Sundkvist, S. Julsrud, B. Vigeland, T. Naas, M. Budd, H. Leistner,

D. Winkler, Development and testing of azep reactor components, International

Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 1 (2) (2007) 180–187.

H. M. Kvamsdal, K. Jordal, O. Bolland, A quantitative comparison of

gas turbine cycles with co2 capture, Energy 32 (1) (2007) 10–24.

GE Enter Software, LLC, GateCycle Version 5.40. Manual.

J. Kotowicz, M. Job, M. Brze˛czek, The characteristics of ultramodern

combined cycle power plants, Energy 92 (2015) 197–211.

F. Selimovic, Computational analysis and modeling techniques for

monolithic membrane reactors related to co2 free power processes,

Ph.D. thesis, University of Lund, Sweden (2007).

M. van der Haar, Mixed-conducting perovskite membranes for oxygen

separation. Towards the development of a supported thin-film

membrane, Ph.D. thesis, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands

(2001).

K. F. R.Warcholand, J. McGovern, A detailed simulation of the zeitmop

cycle with combined air separation and combustion, Proc. of ECOS

(2007) 25–28.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.