Theoretical analysis of various climatic parameter effects on performance of a basin solar still

Masoud Afrand, Arash Karimipour


A numerical simulation of a basin solar still under various climatic parameters was performed. The proposed system was
modeled using the mass and energy balance equations of different parts of the solar still. The resulting system of nonlinear
algebraic equations was solved numerically and the effect of various parameters, such as wind speed, air temperature and
solar radiation on the amount of distilled water produced was described. The results showed that the ambient temperature
and wind speed had no significant effect on the amount of distilled water produced, while the amount of solar radiation exerted
a direct effect on the amount of distilled water produced and performance of the system.


Theoretical analysis, Basin solar still, Climatic parameters, Efficiency, Desalination,

Full Text:



P. Krawczyk, K. Badyda, Modelling of thermal and flow processes in a

solar waste-water sludge dryer with supplementary heat supply from

external sources., Journal of Power Technologies 91 (1) (2011) 37.

R. D. Tapakis, A. G. Charalambides, Performance evaluation of a photovoltaic

park in cyprus using irradiance sensors, Journal of Power

Technologies 94 (4) (2014) 296.

A. Wyrwa, A. Szurlej, L. Gawlik, W. Suwala, Energy scenarios for

poland-a comparison of primes and times-pl modeling results, Journal

of Power Technologies 95 (5) (2015) 100.

F. Zebiri, A. Kessal, L. Rahmani, A. Chebabhi, Analysis and design

of photovoltaic pumping system based on nonlinear speed controller,

Journal of Power Technologies 96 (1) (2016) 40.

M. Afrand, D. Toghraie, B. Ruhani, Effects of temperature and nanoparticles

concentration on rheological behavior of fe 3 o 4–ag/eg hybrid

nanofluid: an experimental study, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science

(2016) 38–44.

M. Baratpour, A. Karimipour, M. Afrand, S. Wongwises, Effects of

temperature and concentration on the viscosity of nanofluids made of

single-wall carbon nanotubes in ethylene glycol, International Communications

in Heat and Mass Transfer 74 (2016) 108–113.

H. Eshgarf, M. Afrand, An experimental study on rheological behavior

of non-newtonian hybrid nano-coolant for application in cooling and

heating systems, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 76 (2016)


M. Soltanimehr, M. Afrand, Thermal conductivity enhancement of

cooh-functionalized mwcnts/ethylene glycol–water nanofluid for application

in heating and cooling systems, Applied Thermal Engineering

(2016) 716–723.

D. Toghraie, V. A. Chaharsoghi, M. Afrand, Measurement of thermal

conductivity of zno–tio2/eg hybrid nanofluid, Journal of Thermal Analysis

and Calorimetry 125 (1) (2016) 527–535.

A. Kaushal, et al., Solar stills: A review, Renewable and Sustainable

Energy Reviews 14 (1) (2010) 446–453.

M. S. S. Abujazar, S. Fatihah, A. Rakmi, M. Shahrom, The effects of

design parameters on productivity performance of a solar still for seawater

desalination: A review, Desalination 385 (2016) 178–193.

T. Rajaseenivasan, K. Kalidasa Murugavel, T. Elango, Performance

and exergy analysis of a double-basin solar still with different materials

in basin, Desalination and Water Treatment 55 (7) (2015) 1786–1794.

H. N. Panchal, P. K. Shah, Enhancement of upper basin distillate output

by attachment of vacuum tubes with double-basin solar still, Desalination

and Water Treatment 55 (3) (2015) 587–595.

A. Minasian, A. Al-Karaghouli, S. Habeeb, Utilization of a cylindrical

parabolic reflector for desalination of saline water, Energy conversion

and management 38 (7) (1997) 701–704.

S. Kumar, G. Tiwari, H. Singh, Annual performance of an active solar

distillation system, Desalination 127 (1) (2000) 79–88.

P. ˙I. Ayav, G. Atagündüz, Theoretical and experimental investigations

on solar distillation of iztech campus area seawater, Desalination

(1-3) (2007) 169–180.

S. Radwan, A. Hassanain, M. Abu-Zeid, et al., Single slope solar still

for sea water distillation., World Applied Sciences Journal 7 (4) (2009)


A. S. Rajan, K. Raja, P. Marimuthu, Multi basin desalination using

biomass heat source and analytical validation using rsm, Energy Conversion

and Management 87 (2014) 359–366.

M. Asbik, O. Ansari, A. Bah, N. Zari, A. Mimet, H. El-Ghetany, Exergy

analysis of solar desalination still combined with heat storage system

using phase change material (pcm), Desalination 381 (2016) 26–37.

K. Srithar, T. Rajaseenivasan, N. Karthik, M. Periyannan, M. Gowtham,

Stand alone triple basin solar desalination system with cover cooling

and parabolic dish concentrator, Renewable Energy 90 (2016) 157–

W. C. Swinbank, Long-wave radiation from clear skies, Quarterly Journal

of the Royal Meteorological Society 89 (381) (1963) 339–348.

R. Dunkle, Solar water distillation: the roof type still and the multiple

effect diffusor, Int. Dev. in Heat Transfer;().

J. Fernández, N. Chargoy, Multi-stage, indirectly heated solar still, Solar

energy 44 (4) (1990) 215–223.

Grundgesetze der Waermeubertrgung, Springer-Verlag, 1963, Grigull


M. Afrand, A. Behzadmehr, A. Karimipour, A numerical simulation of

solar distillation for installation in chabahar-iran, World Academy of

Science, Engineering and Technology 47 (2010) 469–474.


  • There are currently no refbacks.