Determination of Pumped Storage Capacity Combining the Entropy Weighting Method and Principal Component Analysis

Zhan’an Zhang, Xingguo Cai, Destung Parkun


The aim of the study is to evaluate methods for determining appropriate pumped storage capacities. This is especially relevant, since pumped storage units are, today, viewed as some of the best means of storing large amounts intermittently-produced power in order to meet peak demands on power supply grids. The determination of appropriate pumped storage capacity is a problem of integrated decision-making. The entropy weighting method and principal component analysis are combined to determine the optimum pumped storage capacity, taking into account several representative indices, whilst using the syntropy method to standardize the data indicators. The entropy weighting method is used to determine the weighting of the indicators, while principal component analysis offers reduction of the dimensions. The optimal solution is then determined by ranking the evaluation values for each design. This method can avoid subjectivity in the weighting assignment and simplifies the calculations to an evaluation problem which contains multiple evaluation indices. Using the principle of energy-saving scheduling, the peak-shaving method is applied to the dispatching over a typical daily load in order to verify the rationality of the calculated pumped storage capacity. The example analysis, here, shows that it is reasonable to determine the optimum pumped storage capacity by using this combination of the entropy weighting method and principal component analysis.


Pumped storage, Capacity determination, Integrated decision-making, Entropy weighting method, Principal component analysis

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