A review of models for effective thermal conductivity of composite materials

Karol Pietrak, Tomasz S. Wiśniewski

Abstract


The solutions of Maxwell and Rayleigh were the first of many attempts to determine the eective thermal conductivity
of heterogeneous material. Early models assumed that no thermal resistance exists between the phases in heterogeneous
material. Later studies on solid-liquid and solid-solid boundaries revealed that a temperature drop occurs when heat
flows through a boundary between two phases and, as a consequence, the interfacial thermal resistance should be included
in the heat transfer model. This paper is a review of the most popular expressions for predicting the eective
thermal conductivity of composite materials using the properties and volume fractions of constituent phases. Subject to
review were empirical, analytical and numerical models, among others.

Keywords


thermal conductivity; interfacial thermal resistance; composite materials

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References


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