Effectiveness of an active dust and gas explosion suppression system

Marian Gieras, Rudolf Klemens

Abstract


The research aimed to test the effectiveness of gas and  dust explosion suppression by means of a super fast explosion suppression system with a volume of 5 dm3. Smokeless powder as an explosive charge and sodium bicarbonate as a suppressing material were used. The experiments were carried out using a prototype device – a 5 liter steel container, closed by means of an aluminum membrane. Approximately 1.75 kg of extinguishing powder was placed in the container. The membrane was ruptured by exploding a specially developed charge located inside a perforated steel combustion chamber and mounted over the suppressing powder surface. The system was triggered by a signal from the protected volume, sent by a pressure transducer or by a photodiode reacting to a developing flame. The investigations into the efficiency of the active explosion suppression system were carried out in the 1.3 m3 explosion chamber. The explosion was initiated in a corn starch-air mixture of 0.2 kg/m3 concentration, or in a methane-air mixture of 7.5% and 8.5% CH4 concentration. The explosion suppression process occurred through the action of the extinguishing powder blown out from the extinguisher after the compressed combustion products perforated the membrane.


Keywords


dust explosion, suppressing materials, active explosion suppression systems

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