Study on Breakdown Delay Characteristics Based on High-voltage Pulse Discharge in Water with Hydrostatic Pressure

D. Yan, D.C. Bian, F. Ren, Z.Q. Yin, J.C. Zhao, S. Q. Niu

Abstract


Significant breakdown delay occurs during high-voltage pulse discharge in water with hydrostatic pressure; this phenomenon
contributes to an assessment of the stability of discharge. Monitoring discharge effect is also an important approach in engineering.
However, only a few studies have reported related influencing factors. This study established an equivalent circuit
of a high-voltage pulse discharge based on gasification-ionization of plasma channels to study characteristics of high-voltage
pulse discharge breakdown in water with high hydrostatic pressure. Simulation calculation of channel resistance was conducted
using experimental data under different hydrostatic pressure and voltage conditions. The discussions in this paper
center on the influencing mechanisms of hydrostatic pressure and voltage in breakdown delay. The results show that higher
voltage leads to shorter breakdown delay. Equivalent resistance decreases with increasing voltage. High voltage can enhance
the degree of ionization in plasma channels, which accelerates the velocity of the ionization current, shortening breakdown
delay. Higher hydrostatic pressure results in longer breakdown delay. Equivalent resistance increases with increasing hydrostatic
pressure. High hydrostatic pressure inhibits section areas of the plasma channel, slowing down the velocity of
the ionization current and prolonging breakdown delay. This study provides theoretical guidance for monitoring analysis of
high-voltage pulse discharge in engineering and studies on breakdown delay characteristics in pulse discharges.

Keywords


High-voltage pulse discharge; Breakdown delay; Equivalent resistance; Voltage; Hydrostatic pressure

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References


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